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  • Salto Para. Rio Caura
Tuesday, 26 May 2020

Yacapana National Park

With a 320.000 ha. area, was created on December 12, 1978,  by decree No. 2.980, Extraordinary Official Gazette No. 2.417 of march 7, 1979.

The Yacapana National Park is located in the southeast sector of the Guiana Shield, in the center-occidental part of the Amazonas State, between the Orinoco River to the south and east, the Ventuari River to the north and the Yagua canal to the west. It includes the Yacapana mountain, a typical Pantepuy plateau of the Roraima formation.

At an altitude of 75 to 1.345 msnm, that develop across the Sipapo peneplain, formed by the riverside plains of the Orinoco and covered by vast savannahs, the Yapacana Tepuy emerges, in the form of and escalated, truncated pyramid.

The Park area –defined by the rivers Yagua, Ventuari and Orinoco- as well as being a scenic resource, holds scientific value of important phytogeographic descoveries. In the extreme occidental part, there are three types of savannahs with different grades of evolution; flora species from the South America Neotropic and the South Oriental Paleotropic have been discovered here, an important evidence that confirms the theories of the separation of the Continental plaques and the evolution of the vegetation.

The vegetation corresponds with vegetable formations of humid tropical forests, flooded dense forests and savannahs, where various species of endemic gramineae, highlighting the Pentaherist genre, sole example in the world of the Tetrameristaceae family.

Corresponds wih the warm-rainy climatic group, of continental monsoon type character; temperatures varie between 19°C and 27°C, and rain average values surpass the 3000 mm yearly, during a period of 9 to 10 months of rain.

BThe Park is limited on the north by the Ventuari River; to the south and to the west by the Orinoco River, and to the east by the Yagua River. Of the currents that originate from the interior, the Maraya canal, which flows into the Santa Bárbara rapids, is the most important.

Of the Indigenous Etnias, the Yapacana National Park region is inhabited by the Piaroa Etnia. The most important riverside communities are the Maraya, Santa Bárbara, Macuruco, Canaripó and Yagua.

Park access can be by water from San Fernando de Atabapo, up the Orinoco and the Ventuari Rivers, or by air to the Guapachama y Picúa landing strips.

 

Mas información: parquesnacionales.com.ve

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Tuesday, 26 May 2020 20:08